May 5, 2014
According to articles twelve and thirteen of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the official religion of Iran is Islam, and the official sect is Twelver Shi’ite. Although other sects of Islam, and the Jewish, Christian and Zoroastrian faiths are also recognized, their followers are not entitled to the same legal protection and privileges as a Shi’ite, and institutional religious discrimination is rampant in Iranian law and regulation.
The “reverse” interpretation of article thirteen might lead one to conclude that other religious minorities not listed, such as the Baha’i religion, are not officially recognized. As a result of such reasoning, Baha’is are not accorded even the meager rights granted to other non-Shi’ite sects under the law.
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